Tiempo de diagnóstico de enfermedad en pacientes con diabetes e hipertensión arterial con síntomas de depresión en una muestra de pobladores peruanos

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52379/mcs.v8i1.302

Palabras clave:

diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, depresión, tiempo

Resumen

Introducción: La prevalencia de HTA se encuentra entre 11,9 % y 49 %, la prevalencia de DM2 es de 10,5 %. La prevalencia de trastornos depresivos en diabéticos va en el rango de 10 % a 15 %. Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre el tiempo de enfermedad de los pacientes con HTA y DM2 con los síntomas de depresión. Metodología: Estudio analítico transversal. La base secundaria analizada fue la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud del Perú (ENDES) de los años 2019, 2020 y 2021. Se utilizó el Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente-9 (PHQ-9). Se utilizó la prueba del chi cuadrado para cada posible factor asociado a la depresión y las asociaciones de interés se evaluaron con una distribución de Poisson. Resultados: El 21,59 % tenían síntomas de depresión al momento del estudio. El 51,40 % eran del sexo femenino. El 16,58 % presentaba mayor a 60 años. La HTA estuvo presente en el 5.9%, mientras que la DM2 en el 2,09 %. En el análisis bivariado, todas las variables se asociaron con la presencia de síntomas depresivos, excepto la variable que fuma a diario (p=0.275). Discusión: Los resultados señalan una asociación entre el tiempo de enfermedad desde el diagnóstico de HTA y DM2 con los síntomas depresivos. En el caso de ambas patologías el tener menos de un año de diagnóstico aumentaban en 51 % y 44 % respectivamente la probabilidad de presentar síntomas depresivos.

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09-01-2024

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